Arusha city Tanzania, affectionately called ‘A’ town by the locals, is a city of roughly 400,000 people that is located in the highlands of northeast Tanzania. Furthermore, access to the popular northern safari circuit can be gained via the city. And as such, Arusha is generally known as the Tanzanian safari capital. Arusha boasts a diverse population made up of indigenous Africans, Arabs, Indians, Europeans and Americans. In addition, the city has various religions, namely; Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Sikhism. The facto capital of the East African Community is also located in Arusha.
The present-day location was initially settled in the 1830s by the Arusha Maasai. Grains, honey, beer, and tobacco are some of the trade items the Arusha Maasai were known for. Their trade was primarily with the Kisongo Maasai in exchange for livestock, milk, meat and hides. The Germans first successfully took over the city in 1896. They would go on to establish a more permanent presence in 1900. The British would subsequently take Arusha from the Germans during World War l in 1916. The town grew exponentially the British moved the regional administration to Arusha. Lastly, the declaration of Arusha as a city officially took place on the 1st of July 2006.
Arusha is located at the foot of Africa’s 5th highest mountain, Mount Meru. The city’s geographical location and altitude give it an extremely pleasant climate. Hence Arusha has a lush green environment. It is also important to note that Arusha experiences a bimodal rainfall pattern. As such the city has two rainy seasons in a year. Another fascinating fact is that Arusha marks the mid-point between Cairo and Cape Town.